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          2013年廣東文理學院專升本《翻譯與寫作》(英語)試題答案及評分標準

          2020-11-25

          廣東文理學院專升本《翻譯與寫作》(英語)試題答案及評分標準

          Part I Translate the following English Idioms into Chinese. (15 points, 3 points for each)

          1) 盲人國里,獨眼為王。

          2) 在魔鬼和深海之間。(進退維谷)

          3) 雞沒孵出來,就去數小雞(過早樂觀)

          4) 早起的鳥兒有蟲吃。

          5) 單燕不成夏。

          Part II. Put the following Chinese sentences into English. (20 points, 4 points for each)

          1. Agriculture is the foundation of national economy。

          2. Problems must be solved with great effort when they are discovered.

          3.By now Xiren’s mother had come out to greet him too, and Xiren led Baoyu in.

          4. Eight hours’ sleep must be guaranteed.

          5 . A beauty was printed on the cover of the book.

          Part III Translate the following English sentences into Chinese. (15 points, 3 points for each)

          1) 轉回來走到大街上,我們加快了步伐,快速奔向小溪邊,我們希望船夫在那里等我們。

          2) 躲藏了一整天的太陽現在放射出萬丈光芒。

          3) 哈麗特姑媽生活在那個悠閑舒適的年代,那時人們雇傭仆人做家務。

          4) 在建造一座金屬大橋之前,必須考慮金屬受熱膨脹的現象。

          5) 目前,對機器人的控制需要一臺較大的計算機,但動作緩慢,每個決定需要進行大量運算。

          Part IV Translate the following passage into Chinese. (20 points)

          加州大學洛杉磯分校醫療中心的研究人員發現的有趣現象之一是,重癥患者若能擺脫壓抑的情緒,確實能夠改善醫療環境。在一個有75名惡性黑色素瘤患者的實驗項目中,人們發現,在病人的精神狀態和其免疫系統的工作能力之間存在著直接的聯系。(病人的精神狀態與其免疫系統的工作能力<功能直接相關。)

          英譯漢譯文忠實、通順、流暢,符合漢語語言規范; 漢譯英譯文忠實、通順,措辭得當,譯文符合英語規范。

          Part V Note-writing (10 points.)

          參考范文:

          Dear George,

          I have got a ticket to a computer fair. Though I would like to go there, I am unable to, because I have an important date on that day. As we all know, you am computer crazy; so I enclose the ticket to you. You can get to the fair by taking the No. 6 bus.

          Wish you would enjoy yourself there.

          All the best.

          Yours,

          便條寫作的評分標準是根據格式、內容、語法、用詞和字數來制定的,采用通篇分檔計分,計分標準如下:

          10-8分:格式正確,內容切題,表達清楚,文字連貫;句子結構和用詞正確。字數符合要求。

          7-5分:格式正確,內容切題,表達比較清楚,文字基本連貫;句子結構和用詞無重大錯誤。字數符合要求。

          4-2分:格式基本正確,內容基本功題,語句可以理解,但有較多的句子結構和用詞錯誤,字數不夠。

          2-0分:只有少數句子可理解。

          Part VI Writing (20 points.)

          參考范文:

          The Good and Bad Effects of Advertising

          In most countries in the world, advertising is common. You can see posters on doors, signs on buses, pictures in magazines, and commercials on TV. Though these signs of advertising are often disliked, I feel that, overall, advertising has very positive results.

          The harmful effects of advertising are obvious. When you are listening to beautiful music on the radio, a commercial is disturbing when it interrupts your program and changes your mood. Television commercials are the worst of all. Your program is stopped, and you are forced to watch an advertisement unless you actively change the channel or leave the room. I think that there should be laws to limit the advertisers’ right to interrupt TV and radio programs.

          In general, however, I think that the positive results of advertisements are beneficial to society and inpiduals. When I do shopping, I can use advertisements in newspapers to compare prices, features, and quality of the product I want to buy. By being more informed, I can buy something that will benefit me in the long run. With advertisements, people save a lot of time in shopping, looking for jobs, etc.

          Adversity leads to prosperity. All in all, for a wise and educated shopper, the helpful effects of advertising outweigh the harmful effects.

          短文寫作的評分標準是根據內容、機構、語法和用詞來制定的,采用通篇分檔計分,計分標準如下:

          20-17分:內容切題,表達清楚,文字連貫;句式有變化,句子結構和用詞正確。文章長度符合要求。

          16-13分:內容切題,表達比較清楚,文字基本連貫;句式有一定變化,句子結構和用詞無重大錯誤。文章長度符合要求。

          12-9分:內容切題,表達基本清楚,句子結構和用詞有少量錯誤。文章長度符合要求。

          8-5分:內容基本功題,語句可以理解,但有較多的句子結構和用詞錯誤。文章長度基本符合要求。

          4-1分:只有少數句子可理解。

          0分:文不切題,語句混亂、無法理解。

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